Swindon ( ( listen)) is a large town in the ceremonial county of Wiltshire, South West England, midway between Bristol, 35 miles (56 kilometres) to the west, and Reading, the same distance to the east. London is 78 miles (126 km) to the east, and Cardiff is 78 miles (126 km) to the west. At the 2011 census, Swindon's built-up area had a population of 182,441. Swindon became an Expanded Town under the Town Development Act 1952 and this led to a major increase in its population. Swindon railway station is on the line from London Paddington to Bristol. Swindon Borough Council is a unitary authority, independent of Wiltshire Council since 1997. Residents of Swindon are known as Swindonians. Swindon is home to the Bodleian Library's book depository, which contains 153 miles (246 km) of bookshelves and also has the English Heritage National Monument Record Centre and the headquarters of the National Trust, on the site of the former Great Western Railway works. The town and wider borough also has the headquarters of the Nationwide Building Society and a Honda car manufacturing plant.
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