Facts About Bursa
Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region. It is the fourth most populous city in Turkey and one of the most industrialized metropolitan centres in the country. The city is also the administrative centre of Bursa Province.
Bursa (Ottoman Turkish ?????) was the first major and second overall capital of the Ottoman State between 1335 and 1363. The city was referred to as Hüdavendigar (Ottoman Turkish ????????? 'God's gift') during the Ottoman period, while a more recent nickname is Ye?il Bursa 'Green Bursa' in reference to the parks and gardens located across its urban fabric, as well as to the vast and richly varied forests of the surrounding region. Mount Uluda?, the ancient Mysian Olympus, towers over it, and has a well-known ski resort. Bursa has rather orderly urban growth and borders a fertile plain. The mausoleums of the early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa and the city's main landmarks include numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period. Bursa also has thermal baths and several museums, including a museum of archaeology.
The shadow play characters Karagöz and Hacivat are based on historic personalities who lived and died in Bursa. Bursa is also home to some of the most famous Turkish dishes such as ?skender kebap, specially candied marron glacés, peaches and Turkish Delight. Bursa houses the Uluda? University, and its population can claim one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey. The historic towns of ?znik (Nicaea), Mudanya and Zeytinba?? are all situated in Bursa Province.
In 2015, Bursa had a population of 1,854,285, while Bursa Province had 2,842,000 inhabitants.