Poland Facts Capital: WarsawGovernment Type: RepublicCurrency: PLNPopulation: 38,383,809Total Area: 120,728 Square Miles312,685 Square KilometersLocation: Central Europe, east of GermanyLanguage: Polish LanguagesPolish. The Polish People A professional person's title is used before his or her last name. Only the person's title is used in formal conversation or in business. Teenagers and children are called by their first name, but between adults first names are used only by mutual consent. Women greet close friends by kissing both cheeks. Young girls very often kiss each other on only one cheek when they meet. Adults generally shake hands upon meeting. Common greetings include "Dzien dobry" (Good morning/afternoon) "Dobry wieczor" (Good evening) "Czeoa" (Hello).