Malta Facts Capital: VallettaGovernment Type: RepublicCurrency: EurPopulation: 411,277Total Area: 122 Square Miles316 Square KilometersLocation: Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)Language: Maltese (official), English (official) LanguagesMaltese (official), English (official). The Maltese language has a Semitic structure derived from a early form of Arabic. Both Maltese and English are official languages. The written form of Maltese is a Latin script, and it is used in commerce, education and business. However, English is a second language that is taught in school. The Malta People Religious and professional titles are used. People from a rural area may pat one another on the back, shoulder or arm in a friendly gesture. There are many factors in the way people greet each other. These include gender, how well they know each other, social status and age. Formal greetings begin and end with a hand-shake.