Cyprus Facts Capital: NicosiaGovernment Type: Republic (note: a separation of the two ethnic communities inhabiting the island began following the outbreak of communal strife in 1963; this separation was further solidified after the Turkish intervention in July 1974, following a Greek military-junta-supported coup attempt that gave the Turkish Cypriots de facto control in the north; Greek Cypriots control the only internationally recognized government; on 15 November 1983 Turkish Cypriot "President" Rauf DENKTASH declared independence and the formation of a "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" ("TRNC"), which is recognized only by Turkey)Currency: CYPPopulation: 1,155,403Total Area: 3,572 Square Miles9,251 Square KilometersLocation: Middle East, island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of TurkeyLanguage: Greek, Turkish, English LanguagesGreek, Turkish, English. The official languages are Greek and Turkish. In social exchanges, an informal Cypriot dialect is used.   The Cyp...


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