Colombia Facts Capital: BogotaGovernment Type: Republic; executive branch dominates government structurePopulation: 45,745,783Total Area: 439,733 Square Miles1,138,910 Square KilometersLocation: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and PanamaLanguage: Spanish (official) LanguagesSpanish (official). Most Colombians speak Spanish, which is the official language. Among eighty indigenous groups at least forty languages are spoken.   The Colombian People   When entering or leaving a meeting or a home , men shake hands. An "abrazo" is reserved for close friends or relatives. Women kiss each other on the cheek if friends or it not a verbal greeting or handshake is used. Kissing on the cheek is usual among young people. It is customary to use formal titles such as Senor or Senora. Where to find more out about Colombia Colombia Government Official Site